L-10: Language and Linguistics-I (IDC)



0.      General awareness about Language and Linguistics: How linguistics helps understand language better; language as a system of communication; design features of language; language faculty; Saussurian dichotomies.


1.      Sounds and language: Distinctive and non-distinctive sounds; phonetics of consonants and vowels; phoneme, allophone, phone; concept of syllable; sound change in language use.


2.      Words and language: word and word forms; simple, compound and complex words; morpheme, allomorph, morph; affixation; noun and verb inflection and derivation; word formation processes.


3.      Sentence structure and language: simple and complex sentences; PS rules; constituent formation; case grammar; thematic roles.


4.      Meaning and language: Context, meaning and language: meaning relations; word, sentence and utterance meanings; logical form; pragmatics.


5.      Language and Society: Speech-community; language and dialect; bilingualism and multilingualism; pidgin and creole; language standardization; language and power 


Akmajian, A., R.A. Demers, A.K. Farmer, & R.M. Harnish (2001) Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
Carnie, A. (2002) Syntax: A Generative Introduction. London: Blackwell Publishers,
Fasold, R. & J. Connor-Linton. (2006) An introduction to language and linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Katamba, F. (2006) Morphology 2nd ed. London: Palgrave.
Lyons, J. (1981) Language and Linguistics. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press.
Trask, R. L. (2007) Language and Linguistics. New York: Routledge

Stockwell, P. 2007. Sociolinguistics: A resource book for students. London & New York: Routledge

Wardhaugh, R. 2010. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 6th Ed. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing